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病理学翻译技巧及注意事项

发表时间:2019-2-2  浏览次数:394  
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病理学报告是疾病诊断的重要依据,是出国看病的重要翻译文案之一。在翻译病理学报告时,译者不但要有良好的知识背景,还要有良好的语言修为。在中译英过程中,译者要善于将中文报告的写作模式按照英文的习惯加以表述。同时,要将中文意思完全地进行阐述。如在中文报告中,有时候会出现一些简写词,这在英文报告中首次出现时一定要体现全称,如中文报告中的WBC(白细胞)在翻译时,则一定要写为White blood cell  (WBC)。否则,很可能造成一定的混淆。反之,咋进行英译中时,则需注意英文内容的中文表述。下面通过一个样例,对病理学报告中的技巧及注意事项进行阐述!
原文
Received fresh for frozen section designated "Whipple" is the product of a Whipple procedure including a portion of the pancreas, the duodenum including the papilla of Vater, the distal stomach, the gallbladder and the common bile duct .a stitch is present indicating the distal pancreatic margin. The pancreatic measures 7x4.5x2.5cm. the distal portion of stomach measures 1.7cm along the lesser curvature and 5.1 cm along the greater curvature. The perigastric fat measures 4x3 cm along the greater curvature.  the perigastric fat is scant along the lesser curvature. The mucosa of the stomach is flattened. The duodenum measures 9.5cm in circumference and 19.4 cm in length. There is no mesentery adherent to the small bowel. The papilla is not probe patent. An ampullary mass measuring 2.6x1.7x2cm in depth is identified. The lesion has a gray-white cut surface. The lesion measures 7.5cm from the proximal stomach margin of resection, 6 cm from the pyloric sphincter, 10.2 cm from the distal duodenal margin of resection and 5 cm from the stapled pancreatic margin of resection. The mucosa of the duodenum otherwise is unremarkable. The mass invades the head of the pancreas. The lesion measures 3.5 cm from the common bile duct margin, 3.3cm from the pancreatic duct margin. Lesion measures 1 cm from the posterior pancreatic margin.
The common bile duct measures 3.5 cm in length and 2 cm in circumference. The lumen is dilated and granular. The pancreatic duct is identified and measures 0.2 cm in diameter and 3.4 cm in length. Peripancreatic lymph nodes are identified.
The gallbladder is received separately in the same container. It measures 12x6x4 cm. the social surface has a purple brown appearance. On opening the lumen contains dark brown bile. The  mucosa has a trabeculated red-brown appearance. The wall measures up to 0.3 cm in thickness.
译文
收到新鲜冰冻切片(命名为Whipple),该切片含Whipple术所得组织(包含部分胰脏组织)、十二指肠(包括法特氏乳头)、胃尾区、胆囊及胆总管等。样本含一缝线标记,表明为胰脏末端边缘组织。 胰脏大小为 7×4.5×2.5cm。胃小弯尺寸为1.7cm,胃大弯尺寸为5.1cm。胃大弯周边胃周脂肪为4×3 cm,胃小弯附近未发现胃周脂肪。胃粘膜扁平。十二指肠周长为9.5cm,长为19.4cm。 小肠周边未发现肠系膜。 乳突未见明显组织突出。深处发现一尺寸为2.6×1.7×2cm的壶腹组织块。伤口切面为灰白色。近端胃附近伤口长7.5cm,幽门括约肌处伤口长6cm,十二指肠远端处伤口为10.2cm,胰脏回旋部位伤口长5cm。十二指肠粘膜处未发现伤口。壶腹区硬块侵入胰脏头。 胆总管边缘切口长为3.5cm,胰管边缘切口长度为3.3cm。胰脏后部边缘切口长为1cm。
胆总管长为3.5cm,周长为2cm。管腔发生膨胀,并呈颗粒状。 发现胰管,其直径为0.2cm,长度为3.4cm。发现胰周淋巴结。
胆囊置于同一容器内,单独放置。长度为 12×6×4 cm。表皮外观为紫褐色。打开管腔发现暗褐色胆汁。 粘膜层前角突出,外观为棕红色。粘膜壁后为0.3cm。
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