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医学翻译-麻醉科翻译

发表时间:2019-1-19  浏览次数:568  
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原文
POCD是指患者在麻醉和手术后出现的认知、人格、社交等方面功能的减退,临床上多表现为麻醉和手术后患者出现记忆力、注意力、定向力、语言理解能力及抽象思维能力的障碍,同时可伴有社会活动能力的减退。POCD的诊断目前尚无统一标准,其诊断方法主要依据神经心理学测试进行评估。格式化的认知测评量表能提高临床医师对患者的面谈效率,量化患者的认知功能,是目前诊断POCD的主要方法。客观检查如神经影像学检查[4]、脑电生理学检查[5]、脑脊液和血液中生物学指标检测[6、7]等虽然可以为POCD的诊断提供帮助,但特异性较差,不能单独用于POCD的诊断。
译文
POCD refers to a functional decrease in cognition, personality and social activities after anesthesia and surgery with clinical manifestations of dysfunction in memory, attention, orientation, language, thinking as well as social behavior. To date, neuropsychological testing has been considered as the main method for the diagnosis of POCD, however, no consensus has been made on the diagnostic standards of POCD. The other test techniques such as neuroimaging technique [4], electrocardiogram examination [5], biological parameters in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum [6,7] could provide assistance to the diagnosis of POCD, however, their sensitivity and specificity was comparatively poor which can not solely used for the diagnosis of POCD in clinical practice. 
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