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医学翻译样例(2)

发表时间:2019-1-10  浏览次数:231  
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原文:
The common peroneal nerve (also called the lateral popliteal nerve) shares a common sheath with the tibial nerve (also called the medial popliteal nerve) to form the sciatic nerve. The common peroneal nerve innervates the short head of biceps femoris only, via a motor branch that exits the nerve close to the gluteal fold. All the other hamstring muscles (long head of biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus) are innervated by the tibial nerve. The complete separation of the common peroneal nerve from the tibial nerve is variable, but is usually at the popliteal crease or up to 10 cm above it.
    The common peroneal nerve divides into superficial and deep terminal branches usually near the fibular neck but sometimes more proximally. The common peroneal nerve around the fibular neck has a topographical arrangement where the fibers to the superficial branch are placed laterally while those destined to the deep peroneal nerve are located medially in close contact with the fibular bone. This renders the deep peroneal nerve more susceptible to compression at the fibular neck than the superficial nerve.

译文:
腓总神经(也称为外侧腘神经)与胫神经(也称为内侧腘神经)共享一个总鞘,从而形成坐骨神经。腓总神经仅通过一条从靠近臀沟的运动神经中分离出来的分支支配股二头肌短头。所有其他的腿后肌(股二头肌长头,半腱肌和半膜肌)由胫神经支配。腓总神经完全与胫神经分离的位置不定,但通常是在腘折痕处或其上10厘米处。
    腓总神经分为浅表和深部终端分支,通常在腓骨颈附近,有时在更近端。腓骨颈周围的腓总神经具地形学分布,其中伸至浅支的纤维是位于侧面,而那些注定伸至腓深神经的纤维则位于内侧并与腓骨密切接触。这使得腓骨颈处的腓深神经比浅神经更容易受到挤压。

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