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医学摘要翻译注意事项

发表时间:2018-12-28  浏览次数:349  
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医学论文的摘要一般较为简短,但字数少并不意味着好翻译。相反,摘要是全文内容的高度浓缩,译者在翻译时如果对文章总体内容把握不好,往往会导致错译或乱译等现象。在写作SCI论文时,文章的摘要都是最后翻译,主要是能在深度把握文章意思的基础上,再写摘要就简单一些。但如果拿到摘要断章取义进行翻译,往往达不到预期效果。摘要包括四个部分:目的、方法、结果、结论。如果遇到不懂的地方,一定要找到相应的全文进行深度剖析。只有在把握好文章意思的基础上,才能进行翻译!

以下通过实例来进行剖析:

目的:国内有关左心疾病相关性肺动脉高压的有创检查资料较少见(应该是背景内容),本文旨在研究E/E′和PASP的相关性,以及肺动脉高压对左心室舒张功能不全患者预后和治疗的指导意义。

方法:收集2010年1月至2011年11月在我院住院确诊为肥厚型心肌病的患者共163例,按照舒张性心衰的诊断标准从163例患者选出70例(这些人是否诊断为舒张性心衰?),再将这70例患者按是否合并肺动脉高压(PASP≥35mmHg)分为2组(即组2和组3)。同期选取50例健康体检者为组1。组1(对照组):男23例,女27例,平均年龄69.6±8.9岁。组2(未合并肺动脉高压):共50例,男性27例,女性23,平均年龄60.8±10.44岁。组3(合并肺动脉高压):共20例,男9例,女11例,平均年龄69.5±13.8岁。所有受试者均全面的进行常规二维、彩色多普勒及组织多普勒超声心动图检查和血浆NT-proBNP的检测。应用GE Vivid 7超声诊断仪,在胸骨旁左室长轴常规测量舒张末期室间隔厚度(IVSd)、舒张末期左室后壁厚度(LVPWd) 、左室舒张末期内径(LVIDd)、左房收缩末期内径(LADs)等常用参数,在心尖四腔心切面测量左室射血分数(LVEF)。

Objective: To investigate the correlation between E/E' and pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP). Additionally, to investigate the effects of PH on the outcomes of patients with left ventricle diastolic dysfunction.

Methods: One hundred and sixty-three patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) refered to our hospital between January 2010 and December 2011 were included in this study. Fifty healthy subjects (age 69.6±8.9 years; 46% male) were enrolled as control group. Seventy patients with diastolic heart failure were divided into non-pulmonary hypertension group (n=50, 54% male; age 60.8±10.44) and pulmonary group (n=20, 45% male; age 69.5±13.8). Two-dimensional and color Doppler, tissue Doppler echocardiography as well as serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) detection were performed. The end-diastolic left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWd), interventricular septal thickness (IVSd), and left ventricular internal dimension (LVIDd) were measured at the level of left ventricular long axis using VIVID-7 ultrasonoscope. Additionally, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured at the apical four-chamber view. 

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