英语助手母语润色网
查找母语润色产品
立即注册
下单注意事项

医学翻译样例-手术治疗方案

发表时间:2018-11-24  浏览次数:72  
字体大小: 【小】 【中】 【大】

原文:

Recognition that urachal tumors are predominantly extravesical without the field defect associated with transitional cell urothelial tumors suggested the possibility that this cancer could be managed with a partial rather than complete cystectomy. Contemporary single-institution series suggest that long-term survival can be routinely achieved with this approach. In larger series, patients undergoing definitive surgical treatment had a 45–49% 5-year survival, with a median survival of approximately 48 months. The location of tumors in the bladder dome can frequently yield adequate residual bladder tissue to maintain a functional urinary reservoir. Patients should have a cystoscopy and EUA to provide proper assessment of whether a partial cystectomy will yield an adequate urinary reservoir with negative surgical margins. However, a complete cystectomy is indicated when needed to achieve negative margins. Leaving tumor at the margin substantially increases the risk for relapse; therefore, margins should not be sacrificed in the effort to maintain a functional urinary reservoir.

译文:

脐尿管肿瘤主要位于膀胱外,不存在尿路上皮移行细胞肿瘤相关的视野缺损。这提示有可能利用部分膀胱切除术(而非全膀胱切除术)来处理此类癌症。同时,单中心研究表明,采用此方法通常可以实现长期生存。此外,其他研究报道,接受确定性手术治疗的患者5年生存期约45-49%(中位生存期约48个月)。膀胱顶部肿瘤患者,有些膀胱组织未被肿块占据,从而维持功能性储尿的功能。患者应进行膀胱镜和麻醉下检查,以核查部分膀胱切除术后膀胱是否还能维持储尿功能,以及切缘无癌细胞。然而,如要确保切缘无肿瘤细胞,则提示需要进行全膀胱切除术。切缘处存留肿瘤细胞会增加复发的风险。因此,不应为维持膀胱的功能性储尿器而缩小切缘。

文章评论
发表评论:(匿名发表无需登录,已登录用户可直接发表。) 登录状态: 未登录,点击登录

地址:上海徐汇区田林东路55号汇阳广场20楼C23和C22室(英文论文润色服务) 热线电话:400-0871-070

旗下母公司:上海译境翻译服务有限公司   联系电话:021-6131 4984

                            英语助手英文论文润色官方网版权所有沪ICP备14046471号-1 © 2007-2027 E-ging All Rights Reserved.

                           咨询电话:137 6474 0063      咨询QQ:229632732          服务邮箱:info@e-ging.xyz